Ants
Bees
Beetles
Butterflies
Crickets
Fleas
Mantids
Mosquitoes
Termites
True Bugs

Insecta Inspecta World

Nusmismatics

Special Inspecta Investigation

     Insects! Some of the first words that come to mind are: disgusting, small, and unimportant. Yet, not all people think these tiny creatures are any of those. Insects were important in ancient times, and to honor the creatures, the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Ephesians minted coins that depict insects ranging from bees to locusts. Some cultural entomologists believe that the ancient Greeks minted over 300 different coins that depicted bugs. The Ephesians minted coins that depicted the honey bee for over six centuries.

WHAT IS NUMISMATICS?

     "The definition of Numismatics is (nooomizomato'iks) n.: The study of coins, medals, and related objects such as paper money." Two other important terms that I will use are: "obverse (ob'vûrs) adj.: The front or principal side of anything, especially the side of a coin bearing the main design or device."1 And "reverse: (riovûrs') adj.: the back, rear, or secondary side of anything."1

COINS

     There was information on a total of five coins. The first coin is an ancient Greek stater. On its obverse is a locust on the right of a strand of wheat and on the left is the word "META". On its reverse is a strand of wheat with a dolphin on the left. It appears to be made of silver. The second coin was a silver Tetradrachm that was minted in the ancient Greek city of Messana (in what is now the modern city of Messina) Sicily, Italy. The coin depicts a cicada in the bottom center, eating what appears like an ear of corn and it has a hare above it. "The design of the coin was mentioned by Aristotle, who states that the Tyrant of Messana, Anaxilas, was responsible for introducing hares into Sicily." The third coin had a beetle depicted in the center of it. It looks like it is made out of silver. The fourth depicts a bee and comes from the ancient Greek town of Praesus located at the eastern end of the island Crete. On the obverse is a picture of Persephone. On it's reverse is a bee. It was minted sometime between 400 and 148 BC. The fifth coin comes from the ancient Greek town of Elyrus (witch is now the modern town of Rhodhovani) located in southwestern Crete, it also depicts a honey bee on its reverse. On it's obverse is a male goat.

PAPER MONEY

     I found only one piece of paper money that has an insect on it. It is a bank note from Denmark's National bank for one hundred Kroner. The note was printed in 1912. A picture of a moth is in its upper left-hand corner.

THE IMPORTANCE OF INSECTS

     Insects are important to many cultures. To the Ephesians, the honey bee was the sacred symbol of Artimimis whose center of worship was the Ephesians. So, the honey bee was minted as the main design on coins of the Ephesians for almost six centuries. While a grasshopper on the back of a lion could be a double reference connected to Hercules' battle with a lion and his freeing of Mt. Oeta of Locust. On some coins, a small picture of insects may be symbols of families, political leaders and religious leaders that where responsible or the minting of the coin. Since ancient times, in many European cultures the butterfly has been a symbol of death and resurrection. It also represents the soul leaving the body.

     Even though many people today have a negative viewpoint regarding insects, some ancient cultures thought higher of them. For example the Ephesians minted coins that depicted their sacred symbol of Artimimis: The Honey Bee. While the Romans also minted their own coins depicting insects until the fall of the Roman Empire when coins being minted with insects depicted virtually ceased. While today in modern times it is uncommon for a piece of currency to be minted with an insect on it, one is minted every so often.

LINKS

  • Coins
  • Insects
  • Inspecta: Jason Clarke

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Comstock, Mary, and Cornelius Vermeule. Greek Coins. Meriden: Meriden Gravure Co. 1964.

    Houge, Charles. "Cultural Entomology" Cultural Entomology. Online. Internet.

    Klawans, Zander H. Handbook of Ancient Greek & Roman Coins. New York: Golden Books Publishing Company, Inc.

    William, Jonathan. Money: a History. New York: St. Martins Press, 1997.

    Brown, Dr. Kirby, "Numismatic Entomology." Cultural Entomology.